- OLEX, OR

Station: OLEX, OR - B Race
Release: Apr-01-2017 08:00:00

Weather Release:   Arrival:
Wind at Release:    Wind at Arrival:
Temperature at Release:    Temperature at Arrival:

Lofts: 7
Birds: 171
Clocked: 142

Pos
Loft Name Pigeon Color
Sex
Nom
Ent
Dist Arrival Speed To Win Points
**P
1
SNYDER LOFT
0320-AU16-CBF
BB
C
0
1
117.467
10:19:05
1486.472
00:00:00
61
0.4201
2
FRANCIS MANGABAT
26998-AU16-JEDD
BC
C
0
2
129.006
10:34:46
1467.051
00:01:59
60
0.4250
3
FRANCIS MANGABAT
26995-AU16-JEDD
DC
H
0
3
129.006
10:35:01
1464.685
00:02:13
60
0.4250
4
FRANCIS MANGABAT
0183-AU16-CBF
DC
C
5
4
129.006
10:35:04
1464.212
00:02:16
60
0.4244
5
FRANCIS MANGABAT
26994-AU16-JEDD
BC
H
0
5
129.006
10:35:12
1462.954
00:02:24
60
0.4241
6
FRANCIS MANGABAT
0335-AU16-CBF
BCP
C
0
6
129.006
10:35:15
1462.483
00:02:27
60
0.4236
7
FRANCIS MANGABAT
24642-AU16-JEDD
DC
C
2
7
129.006
10:35:17
1462.169
00:02:29
60
0.4231
8
FRANCIS MANGABAT
26977-AU16-JEDD
BB
C
4
8
129.006
10:35:22
1461.385
00:02:34
59
0.4227
9
FRANCIS MANGABAT
26997-AU16-JEDD
BC
C
3
9
129.006
10:35:25
1460.915
00:02:37
59
0.4222
10
LINS LOFT
8150-AU15-LINS
BBWF
H
0
10
116.835
10:20:52
1459.748
00:02:44
59
0.4219
11
LINS LOFT
0427-AU16-CBF
WHGZ
C
0
11
116.835
10:20:54
1459.402
00:02:46
59
0.4213
12
LINS LOFT
0466-AU16-CBF
BB
H
0
12
116.835
10:20:55
1459.230
00:02:47
59
0.4208
13
LINS LOFT
0467-AU16-CBF
BC
C
0
13
116.835
10:21:00
1458.367
00:02:53
59
0.4204
14
LINS LOFT
8148-AU15-LINS
BC
H
0
14
116.835
10:21:03
1457.850
00:02:56
59
0.4200
15
MIKE REISTER
0197-AU16-CBF
BC
C
0
15
129.709
10:37:22
1450.674
00:03:41
59
0.4215
16
JEFF LIFE
28222-AU16-JEDD
DC
C
3
16
129.712
10:37:36
1448.563
00:03:55
58
0.4215
17
LINS LOFT
37573-AU16-JEDD
BC
H
0
17
116.835
10:21:58
1448.437
00:03:56
58
0.4209
18
JEFF LIFE
0127-AU16-CBF
DC
C
0
18
129.712
10:37:38
1448.257
00:03:57
58
0.4204
19
JEFF LIFE
0140-AU16-CBF
DCWP
C
0
19
129.712
10:37:40
1447.951
00:03:59
58
0.4199
20
JEFF LIFE
0139-AU16-CBF
BC
C
0
20
129.712
10:37:42
1447.645
00:04:01
58
0.4194
21
JEFF LIFE
28254-AU16-JEDD
DCWF
H
0
21
129.712
10:37:42
1447.645
00:04:01
58
0.4194
22
JEFF LIFE
28224-AU16-JEDD
UNKN
C
0
22
129.712
10:37:44
1447.339
00:04:03
58
0.4184
23
JEFF LIFE
0024-AU16-CBF
BC
C
5
23
129.712
10:37:46
1447.033
00:04:05
58
0.4179
24
JEFF LIFE
28246-AU16-JEDD
BC
H
4
24
129.712
10:37:48
1446.727
00:04:07
58
0.4175
25
SAND DUNER LOFT
0359-AU14-CBF
BC
H
3
25
116.819
10:22:43
1440.623
00:04:46
58
0.4187
26
SAND DUNER LOFT
0547-AU16-CBF
BC
C
0
26
116.819
10:22:43
1440.623
00:04:46
58
0.4187
27
MIKE REISTER
1094-AU15-CBF
BC
H
3
27
129.709
10:38:30
1440.301
00:04:48
58
0.4177
28
SAND DUNER LOFT
0566-AU16-CBF
GR
C
0
28
116.819
10:22:45
1440.286
00:04:48
58
0.4172
29
SAND DUNER LOFT
0513-AU16-CBF
DCWF
C
0
29
116.819
10:22:47
1439.950
00:04:50
58
0.4168
30
SAND DUNER LOFT
38196-AU16-JEDD
SIL
H
2
30
116.819
10:22:49
1439.614
00:04:52
58
0.4164
31
SAND DUNER LOFT
0501-AU16-CBF
BC
H
0
31
116.819
10:22:51
1439.278
00:04:54
58
0.4160
32
SAND DUNER LOFT
0502-AU16-CBF
UNKN
C
0
32
116.819
10:22:56
1438.439
00:05:00
58
0.4157
33
SAND DUNER LOFT
0576-AU16-CBF
BC
H
0
33
116.819
10:22:59
1437.936
00:05:03
58
0.4153
34
SAND DUNER LOFT
38688-AU16-JEDD
BC
H
0
34
116.819
10:23:22
1434.091
00:05:28
57
0.4160
35
JEFF LIFE
0200-AU16-CBF
BB
C
0
35
129.712
10:39:27
1431.756
00:05:43
57
0.4161
36
LINS LOFT
0417-AU16-CBF
BB
C
0
36
116.835
10:23:46
1430.302
00:05:53
57
0.4161
37
JEFF LIFE
0110-AU16-CBF
DC
C
1
37
129.712
10:39:50
1428.323
00:06:06
57
0.4162
38
SAND DUNER LOFT
0151-AU16-CBF
DCWP
H
1
38
116.819
10:24:03
1427.288
00:06:13
57
0.4160
39
LINS LOFT
0430-AU16-CBF
BBWF
C
0
39
116.835
10:24:19
1424.851
00:06:29
57
0.4162
40
LINS LOFT
8178-AU15-LINS
BC
H
0
40
116.835
10:25:06
1417.159
00:07:20
56
0.4180
41
SAND DUNER LOFT
0555-AU16-CBF
BC
H
0
41
116.819
10:25:05
1417.123
00:07:20
56
0.4175
42
LINS LOFT
8152-AU15-LINS
BB
C
0
42
116.835
10:25:12
1416.183
00:07:26
56
0.4174
43
SNYDER LOFT
80427-AU15-ARPU
BC
H
0
43
117.467
10:26:15
1413.630
00:07:43
56
0.4176
44
SAND DUNER LOFT
0516-AU16-CBF
UNKN
H
0
44
116.819
10:26:07
1407.101
00:08:27
55
0.4191
45
SAND DUNER LOFT
1097-AU13-CBF
BC
C
0
45
116.819
10:26:12
1406.299
00:08:32
55
0.4189
46
SAND DUNER LOFT
0520-AU16-CBF
DCWF
C
0
46
116.819
10:26:17
1405.498
00:08:38
55
0.4187
47
SAND DUNER LOFT
0573-AU16-CBF
BB
C
0
47
116.819
10:26:19
1405.177
00:08:40
55
0.4183
48
LINS LOFT
0439-AU16-CBF
DC
C
0
48
116.835
10:26:22
1404.895
00:08:42
55
0.4180
49
LINS LOFT
0469-AU16-CBF
GR
H
0
49
116.835
10:26:53
1399.953
00:09:15
55
0.4190
50
JEFF LIFE
0078-AU16-CBF
DC
C
0
50
129.712
10:43:30
1396.291
00:09:41
55
0.4197
51
JEFF LIFE
1194-AU15-CBF
BC
C
0
51
129.712
10:43:30
1396.291
00:09:41
55
0.4197
52
FRANCIS MANGABAT
2389-AU11-CBF
BB
H
0
52
129.006
10:43:03
1392.521
00:10:06
54
0.4199
53
JEFF LIFE
28232-AU16-JEDD
BB
C
0
53
129.712
10:44:00
1392.034
00:10:10
54
0.4197
54
JEFF LIFE
0029-AU16-CBF
DC
C
0
54
129.712
10:44:01
1391.892
00:10:11
54
0.4193
55
JEFF LIFE
0060-AU16-CBF
BC
C
0
55
129.712
10:44:23
1388.788
00:10:32
54
0.4198
56
JEFF LIFE
28223-AU16-JEDD
DC
C
0
56
129.712
10:44:38
1386.679
00:10:47
54
0.4200
57
SNYDER LOFT
0606-AU16-CBF
BB
C
0
57
117.467
10:29:55
1379.056
00:11:40
53
0.4219
58
SNYDER LOFT
0324-AU16-CBF
BB
H
0
58
117.467
10:29:58
1378.596
00:11:43
53
0.4216
59
SNYDER LOFT
0609-AU16-CBF
BB
H
0
59
117.467
10:30:00
1378.290
00:11:46
53
0.4213
60
SNYDER LOFT
1493-AU15-CBF
BKC
C
0
60
117.467
10:30:01
1378.137
00:11:47
53
0.4210
61
LINS LOFT
0182-AU16-CBF
DC
C
0
61
116.835
10:29:20
1376.985
00:11:55
53
0.4209
62
SNYDER LOFT
0120-AU16-CBF
BC
C
0
62
117.467
10:30:09
1376.913
00:11:55
53
0.4205
63
SNYDER LOFT
80406-AU15-ARPU
BKC
C
0
63
117.467
10:30:41
1372.039
00:12:30
53
0.4216
64
SAND DUNER LOFT
80421-AU15-ARPU
BBWF
H
0
64
116.819
10:30:44
1364.004
00:13:27
52
0.4237
65
SAND DUNER LOFT
0568-AU16-CBF
BC
C
0
65
116.819
10:30:46
1363.702
00:13:29
52
0.4234
66
SAND DUNER LOFT
0506-AU16-CBF
BB
C
0
66
116.819
10:30:47
1363.552
00:13:30
52
0.4231
67
SAND DUNER LOFT
37569-AU16-JEDD
CHO
H
0
67
116.819
10:30:48
1363.401
00:13:32
52
0.4227
68
SAND DUNER LOFT
0583-AU16-CBF
BB
C
0
68
116.819
10:30:50
1363.100
00:13:34
52
0.4224
69
SAND DUNER LOFT
0535-AU16-CBF
BC
C
0
69
116.819
10:31:01
1361.445
00:13:46
52
0.4226
70
LINS LOFT
0493-AU16-CBF
RC
H
0
70
116.835
10:31:08
1360.585
00:13:52
52
0.4224
71
SNYDER LOFT
0104-AU16-CBF
BC
C
0
71
117.467
10:32:06
1359.260
00:14:01
52
0.4225
72
JEFF LIFE
0149-AU16-CBF
DC
C
0
72
129.712
10:48:00
1358.890
00:14:04
52
0.4222
73
SNYDER LOFT
0639-AU16-CBF
BB
H
3
73
117.467
10:32:10
1358.665
00:14:06
52
0.4219
74
SNYDER LOFT
0118-AU16-CBF
BB
H
0
74
117.467
10:32:11
1358.516
00:14:07
52
0.4216
75
SNYDER LOFT
0152-AU16-CBF
BKC
H
0
75
117.467
10:32:12
1358.367
00:14:08
52
0.4213
76
LINS LOFT
0488-AU16-CBF
GR
H
0
76
116.835
10:31:38
1356.099
00:14:24
52
0.4216
77
LINS LOFT
37582-AU16-JEDD
RC
C
0
77
116.835
10:32:20
1349.867
00:15:10
51
0.4232
78
JEFF LIFE
0009-AU16-CBF
BC
C
0
78
129.712
10:50:31
1338.834
00:16:32
50
0.4263
79
JEFF LIFE
0428-AU14-CBF
DC
C
0
79
129.712
10:51:10
1333.750
00:17:10
50
0.4276
80
JEFF LIFE
1193-AU15-CBF
BCWP
C
2
80
129.712
10:51:13
1333.361
00:17:13
50
0.4274
81
SAND DUNER LOFT
0550-AU16-CBF
BB
H
0
81
116.819
10:34:12
1333.339
00:17:13
50
0.4270
82
GLENN E. CHAMBERLAIN
0625-AU14-CBF
BC
H
0
82
126.634
10:47:25
1331.265
00:17:28
50
0.4273
83
LINS LOFT
0456-AU16-CBF
SIL
H
0
83
116.835
10:34:37
1329.933
00:17:38
50
0.4274
84
LINS LOFT
0418-AU16-CBF
BC
H
0
84
116.835
10:34:42
1329.217
00:17:44
50
0.4273
85
FRANCIS MANGABAT
24649-AU16-JEDD
SIL
C
1
85
129.006
10:50:53
1328.687
00:17:48
50
0.4271
86
FRANCIS MANGABAT
24657-AU16-JEDD
DC
C
0
86
129.006
10:51:22
1324.940
00:18:16
49
0.4280
87
LINS LOFT
0490-AU16-CBF
CWF
C
0
87
116.835
10:35:34
1321.811
00:18:40
49
0.4287
88
LINS LOFT
8060-AU15-LINS
BB
C
0
88
116.835
10:36:33
1313.509
00:19:44
49
0.4310
89
SNYDER LOFT
0626-AU16-CBF
BC
C
0
89
117.467
10:38:50
1301.638
00:21:17
48
0.4346
90
SNYDER LOFT
0607-AU16-CBF
BKC
H
0
90
117.467
10:38:55
1300.955
00:21:22
48
0.4345
91
SNYDER LOFT
80412-AU15-ARPU
BKC
H
0
91
117.467
10:38:57
1300.682
00:21:25
48
0.4343
92
LINS LOFT
0462-AU16-CBF
BB
H
0
92
116.835
10:39:16
1291.104
00:22:41
47
0.4372
93
SAND DUNER LOFT
0563-AU16-CBF
DC
C
0
93
116.819
10:40:09
1283.802
00:23:40
47
0.4393
94
SAND DUNER LOFT
38678-AU16-JEDD
DC
C
0
94
116.819
10:40:18
1282.601
00:23:49
47
0.4394
95
JEFF LIFE
28218-AU16-JEDD
DCWF
C
0
95
129.712
10:58:18
1280.390
00:24:07
46
0.4398
96
SNYDER LOFT
8120-AU15-LINS
BKC
H
0
96
117.467
10:41:35
1279.485
00:24:15
46
0.4398
97
SNYDER LOFT
0300-AU16-CBF
BKC
H
0
97
117.467
10:41:37
1279.221
00:24:17
46
0.4396
98
SNYDER LOFT
0653-AU16-CBF
BC
H
4
98
117.467
10:41:37
1279.221
00:24:17
46
0.4396
99
MIKE REISTER
1155-AU15-CBF
UNKN
H
0
99
129.709
10:58:46
1277.015
00:24:35
46
0.4397
100
GLENN E. CHAMBERLAIN
1208-AU13-CBF
BC
C
0
100
126.634
10:55:19
1271.277
00:25:22
46
0.4413
101
SNYDER LOFT
0613-AU16-CBF
BC
H
0
101
117.467
10:43:13
1266.681
00:26:00
45
0.4426
102
GLENN E. CHAMBERLAIN
0633-AU14-CBF
BKC
H
0
102
126.634
10:59:35
1241.073
00:29:38
44
0.4514
103
SNYDER LOFT
0287-AU16-CBF
UNKN
H
0
103
117.467
10:47:04
1237.491
00:30:10
44
0.4524
104
SNYDER LOFT
0306-AU16-CBF
BB
H
0
104
117.467
10:47:18
1235.765
00:30:25
43
0.4527
105
SAND DUNER LOFT
0541-AU16-CBF
BWFP
H
0
105
116.819
10:48:03
1223.451
00:32:14
43
0.4570
106
MIKE REISTER
0680-AU16-CBF
BB
C
1
106
129.709
11:06:41
1222.860
00:32:19
43
0.4569
107
LINS LOFT
37592-AU16-JEDD
BC
H
0
107
116.835
10:48:13
1222.410
00:32:23
43
0.4567
108
MIKE REISTER
0261-AU14-CBF
BC
C
0
108
129.709
11:07:12
1219.485
00:32:49
42
0.4575
109
LINS LOFT
0123-AU16-CBF
BC
H
0
109
116.835
10:48:40
1219.149
00:32:52
42
0.4573
110
MIKE REISTER
1218-AU15-CBF
BB
C
5
110
129.709
11:08:14
1212.791
00:33:50
42
0.4594
111
SNYDER LOFT
80422-AU15-ARPU
DC
H
5
111
117.467
10:52:22
1199.440
00:35:52
41
0.4642
112
LINS LOFT
0448-AU16-CBF
BC
H
0
112
116.835
10:52:29
1192.172
00:37:00
41
0.4667
113
SNYDER LOFT
80125-AU15-ARPU
BB
H
0
113
117.467
11:03:50
1124.624
00:48:14
36
0.4944
114
SAND DUNER LOFT
0090-AU16-CBF
BBWF
H
0
114
116.819
11:10:57
1076.726
00:57:03
34
0.5161
115
LINS LOFT
0422-AU16-CBF
BBWF
H
0
115
116.835
11:11:20
1074.720
00:57:26
33
0.5167
116
SNYDER LOFT
0610-AU16-CBF
BC
H
0
116
117.467
11:24:36
1010.476
01:10:37
30
0.5492
117
GLENN E. CHAMBERLAIN
0005-AU14-CBF
BB
C
0
117
126.634
11:42:12
1003.042
01:12:15
29
0.5529
118
SAND DUNER LOFT
0507-AU16-CBF
UNKN
C
0
118
116.819
11:27:15
992.043
01:14:43
29
0.5587
119
SAND DUNER LOFT
38690-AU16-JEDD
BB
H
0
119
116.819
11:34:50
957.025
01:22:56
27
0.5787
120
LINS LOFT
0485-AU16-CBF
BC
C
0
120
116.835
11:39:17
937.736
01:27:44
26
0.5902
121
SAND DUNER LOFT
38687-AU16-JEDD
BB
C
0
121
116.819
11:45:41
911.015
01:34:42
25
0.6072
122
GLENN E. CHAMBERLAIN
1219-AU13-CBF
BC
C
0
122
126.634
12:06:49
903.002
01:36:52
24
0.6122
123
SAND DUNER LOFT
0091-AU16-CBF
UNKN
C
0
123
116.819
11:56:31
869.287
01:46:27
23
0.6355
124
SAND DUNER LOFT
0570-AU16-CBF
DCWF
H
0
124
116.819
11:57:22
866.174
01:47:22
23
0.6374
125
SNYDER LOFT
0308-AU16-CBF
BKC
H
0
125
117.467
12:15:24
809.489
02:05:23
20
0.6816
126
SNYDER LOFT
0604-AU16-CBF
BB
C
0
126
117.467
12:30:18
764.867
02:21:27
18
0.7209
127
SNYDER LOFT
0663-AU16-CBF
BB
C
1
127
117.467
12:57:27
695.053
02:50:43
15
0.7929
128
SAND DUNER LOFT
0527-AU16-CBF
BC
H
0
128
116.819
12:59:55
685.527
02:55:10
15
0.8034
129
SAND DUNER LOFT
0517-AU16-CBF
BC
H
0
129
116.819
13:00:15
684.766
02:55:32
15
0.8038
130
SNYDER LOFT
0603-AU16-CBF
BC
C
0
130
117.467
13:16:32
653.149
03:11:17
14
0.8422
131
SNYDER LOFT
0540-AU16-CBF
BB
H
0
131
117.467
13:28:59
628.431
03:24:43
13
0.8748
132
LINS LOFT
0471-AU16-CBF
BC
H
5
132
116.835
13:32:27
618.528
03:30:23
12
0.8883
133
LINS LOFT
5047-AU15-SWWR
RC
C
0
133
116.835
13:49:07
589.000
03:48:27
11
0.9323
134
LINS LOFT
0421-AU16-CBF
BBWF
H
0
134
116.835
14:12:32
551.977
04:13:50
10
0.9942
135
SAND DUNER LOFT
0082-AU16-CBF
BC
H
0
135
116.819
14:48:15
503.615
04:52:36
9
1.0891
136
SNYDER LOFT
0670-AU16-CBF
BKC
C
0
136
117.467
15:14:38
475.673
05:18:36
8
1.1524
137
SAND DUNER LOFT
0545-AU16-CBF
BC
C
0
137
116.819
15:20:51
466.374
05:27:57
8
1.1747
138
LINS LOFT
0481-AU16-CBF
BC
H
0
138
116.835
15:43:39
443.502
05:52:36
7
1.2345
139
SNYDER LOFT
0652-AU16-CBF
BKC
H
2
139
117.467
18:24:23
331.116
08:43:10
4
1.6526
140
LINS LOFT
0457-AU16-CBF
RC
H
0
140
116.835
18:48:32
317.069
09:12:59
4
1.7249
141
SAND DUNER LOFT
0565-AU16-CBF
DC
H
0
141
116.819
18:48:46
316.910
09:13:20
4
1.7248
142
SNYDER LOFT
0667-AU16-CBF
UNKN
C
0
142
117.467
08:14:51
-243.557
12:45:09
3
2.2430
143
GLENN E. CHAMBERLAIN
0010-AU14-CBF
BC
H
4
126.634
00:00:00
0.000
0
144
GLENN E. CHAMBERLAIN
0396-AU12-CBF
BC
H
0
126.634
00:00:00
0.000
0
145
GLENN E. CHAMBERLAIN
0611-AU14-CBF
BC
H
5
126.634
00:00:00
0.000
0
146
GLENN E. CHAMBERLAIN
0640-AU14-CBF
BB
C
2
126.634
00:00:00
0.000
0
147
GLENN E. CHAMBERLAIN
0763-AU12-CBF
UNKN
C
0
126.634
00:00:00
0.000
0
148
GLENN E. CHAMBERLAIN
0767-AU12-CBF
DC
C
0
126.634
00:00:00
0.000
0
149
GLENN E. CHAMBERLAIN
0796-AU12-CBF
BC
C
3
126.634
00:00:00
0.000
0
150
GLENN E. CHAMBERLAIN
0797-AU12-CBF
BC
C
0
126.634
00:00:00
0.000
0
151
GLENN E. CHAMBERLAIN
1217-AU13-CBF
BB
H
0
126.634
00:00:00
0.000
0
152
GLENN E. CHAMBERLAIN
1247-AU13-CBF
BC
H
0
126.634
00:00:00
0.000
0
153
GLENN E. CHAMBERLAIN
2124-AU11-CBF
BC
C
1
126.634
00:00:00
0.000
0
154
LINS LOFT
0437-AU16-CBF
CHO
H
0
116.835
00:00:00
0.000
0
155
LINS LOFT
0470-AU16-CBF
UNKN
H
1
116.835
00:00:00
0.000
0
156
LINS LOFT
0479-AU16-CBF
UNKN
H
2
116.835
00:00:00
0.000
0
157
LINS LOFT
0484-AU16-CBF
BB
H
0
116.835
00:00:00
0.000
0
158
LINS LOFT
0492-AU16-CBF
BB
H
0
116.835
00:00:00
0.000
0
159
LINS LOFT
0495-AU16-CBF
BB
C
3
116.835
00:00:00
0.000
0
160
LINS LOFT
0559-AU16-CBF
UNKN
H
0
116.835
00:00:00
0.000
0
161
LINS LOFT
37577-AU16-JEDD
UNKN
H
4
116.835
00:00:00
0.000
0
162
LINS LOFT
37587-AU16-JEDD
BBWF
C
0
116.835
00:00:00
0.000
0
163
MIKE REISTER
0672-AU16-CBF
BB
C
4
129.709
00:00:00
0.000
0
164
MIKE REISTER
1211-AU15-CBF
BC
C
2
129.709
00:00:00
0.000
0
165
SAND DUNER LOFT
0567-AU16-CBF
CHO
C
0
116.819
00:00:00
0.000
0
166
SAND DUNER LOFT
0569-AU16-CBF
BC
H
5
116.819
00:00:00
0.000
0
167
SAND DUNER LOFT
0582-AU16-CBF
DC
C
0
116.819
00:00:00
0.000
0
168
SAND DUNER LOFT
0597-AU16-CBF
BC
C
4
116.819
00:00:00
0.000
0
169
SAND DUNER LOFT
0599-AU16-CBF
BC
H
0
116.819
00:00:00
0.000
0
170
SAND DUNER LOFT
1481-AU15-CBF
GR
H
0
116.819
00:00:00
0.000
0
171
SNYDER LOFT
0657-AU16-CBF
BKC
C
0
117.467
00:00:00
0.000
0

** P - Performance Evaluation formula provided by George Rankin